A 14-Year-Old Working At A Family Store Is Categorized As From Goat Blood to Lace Cards – The Evolution of Valentine’s Day

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From Goat Blood to Lace Cards – The Evolution of Valentine’s Day

There is more than one legend about the origin and celebration of Valentine’s Day. The truth has apparently been lost over the years. At least two stories date back to third-century Rome. At this time, the ancient Romans celebrated the birth of the founders of Rome, Romulus and Remus, on February 15th and held Luperia. Goats are sacrificed, and males around the age of 14 celebrate their maturity by patting pieces of goat skin, and females are marked with the goat’s blood. Ladies today would be offended by this treatment, but Roman women saw it as a way to bring them fertility and considered it good luck. Another part of the festival involves young men choosing the names of single women from containers and pairing them with them for a year. Many of these matches ended in marriages.

As one legend goes, Emperor Claudius banned marriage, thinking that single men would make better soldiers. Needless to say, young people in Rome were not all in favor of the emperor’s solution. The Christian Church was in its infancy at this time, and a young priest named Valentine was secretly married anyway. Emperor Claudius therefore arrested Valentine and later executed him. During his incarceration, Valentine fell in love with or cured a young woman of blindness, possibly the jailer’s daughter. Before he died he wrote her a note signed “From your lover”. Some say he was executed on 14 February, but other dates are mentioned. While some historians believe that St. Valentine’s Day was set on February 14 to celebrate the first anniversary of his death, others believe that the 14th was chosen to “Christianize” Lupercalia. Pope Gelasius I, who spent most of his reign trying to end pagan rites in general and Lupercalia in particular, proclaimed February 14 St. Valentine’s Day around AD 496. His few surviving treatises.

Around 1380, Geoffrey Chaucer wrote falls council, in which he describes the courtship and marriage of Richard II and Anne of Bohemia in terms of spring and the mating of birds in spring. St. Valentine plays an important role in Chaucer’s poems, and it is the first time that St. Valentine is mentioned in poetry.

“Because it is Seynt Valentynes ​​day,

Every foul goes there to limit his scoring…”

Chaucer also uses Venus and Cupid in this poem, so he is credited with starting the tradition of writing love poems for St. Valentine’s Day. The practice of sending St. Valentine’s Day greetings spread throughout Europe during the Middle Ages, and by the 15th century, written messages became popular. Duke of Orleans imprisoned in the Tower of London after the Battle of Agincourt. In 1415, while a prisoner, he wrote a poem for his wife, Bonne d’Armagnac. This poem is believed to be the oldest surviving Lover. It is now part of the manuscript collection of the British Library in London. Here is its original French and English translation,

Je suis desja d’amour tanné,

Ma tres doulce Valentinée,

Car pour moi fustes trop tart née,

Et moy pour vous estine tost né.

Dieu lui pardoint qui estrené

M’a de vous, pour toute l’année.

Je suis desja d’amour tanné,

Ma tres doulce Valentinée,

Bien m’estoye suspeconné,

Qu’auroye telle estine,

Ains que passast ceste journée,

Combien qu’Amours l’eust ordonné.

Je suis desja d’amour tanné,

Ma tres doulce Valentinée,

I’m tired of love,

My very tender Valentine,

Because you were born too early for me,

And I was born too late for you.

God forgives the estranged

I have a whole year from you.

I’m tired of love,

My very tender Valentine,

Well, I might suspect,

such fate,

So today will happen,

How much love will command.

I’m tired of love,

my very tender valentine

Giving gifts and small gifts grew in popularity throughout the 17th century. By the mid-eighteenth century this was common practice for all classes. Cheap postage and the advent of envelopes made Valentine’s Day cards even more popular. In the 1800s, the British wholeheartedly embraced the practice of sending valentines, many of them very ornate, incorporating ribbons, lace, pull tabs to create moving graphics and pop-ups. Artists joined their sketches and paintings, most notably in England by Kate Greenaway.

This is also the time when Americans celebrate the day by sending valentines and gifts. They relied on homemade cards or cards imported from Great Britain. A young woman named Esther Howland received a beautiful card imported from England from one of her father’s business associates. She had just graduated from Mount Holyoke College and was convinced she could do better. She persuaded her father, a stationery store owner and bookstore owner, to buy her supplies and to make beautiful lace-covered cards. Her cards sold so well in the US that it became a major industry. While she didn’t invent the Valentine’s Day card, she is credited with popularizing the lace valentine gift and has been called “the mother of American Valentine’s Day.” Her cards can be identified by a red “H” on a sticker or printed on each card, or by an embossed NEV Co (New England Valentine’s Company) found in later years. Her cards are still widely collected, and each February, Mount Holyoke College hosts an exhibit of her work. Examples of her cards can be seen on their website http://www.mtholyoke.edu/~dalbino/gcards.html

The American Greeting Card Association estimates that more than 1 billion Valentine’s Day cards are sent out each year. This is second only to Christmas in numbers. Also, what about other tokens of affection? Those also thrive in the United States. The US Census estimates that wholesale roses are worth $68 million annually. Red roses are said to be the favorite flower of Venus and the most popular flower for lovers in the United States. Chocolate is another favorite. Each year, heart-shaped boxes filled with chocolates appear in stores across the country. In 2001, the average American consumed 24 pounds, most of it around Valentine’s Day. There are more than 29,000 jewelry stores in the United States that sell wedding and engagement rings, among other items. Those stores brought in $2.1 billion in sales last February, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. While today’s Valentine’s Day is more commercialized than earlier celebrations, it’s clearly still thriving in America today. As early as the third century, St. Valentine started a great business with his handwritten notes.

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