A 65-Year-Old Man Smoked All His Life And Now Has How Your Health Is Affected During the Three Ages of Old Age

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How Your Health Is Affected During the Three Ages of Old Age

With the development of medical technology and the adoption of healthier lifestyles, the average life expectancy of human beings is increasing, which means that the proportion of the elderly population in the total population is also increasing.

  • One aging society is a society where more than 7% of the population is aged 65 or over.

  • One aging society More than 14% are over 65 years old, and

  • in a super aging society More than 20% or population is elderly.

Our world is rapidly aging

It took about 110 years for the proportion of the French population over 65 to increase from 7% to 14%. The same process took about 80 years in Sweden, about 50 years in the UK, and about 20 years in Brazil and Korea.

So what does this mean for those of us over 65?

As we grow older, our bodies and minds weaken, and diseases accumulate. Chronic disease, muscle weakness, and mental decline are more common in older adults.

Not surprisingly, regardless of the society in which they live, older adults account for a larger share of total health spending.

For example, in 2015, the proportion of South Korea’s population aged 65 or over was 13.2%, but their medical expenses accounted for a disproportionate 36.5% of the country’s total healthcare expenditure.

So you should be putting pressure on your government to make sure the health care system fits the needs of the elderly.

Studies in Europe and North America have shown that older adults suffer from an average of four to five diseases, far more than younger people who typically have no diseases.

Older adults have higher rates of medical events such as heart attack, stroke and cancer because their lungs, cardiovascular and digestive systems degenerate along with their immune systems.

Poor diet also contributes to poor health in older adults. Therefore, you should make sure to eat nutritious foods to stay healthy as you age.

classification of old age

Until recently, most studies of older adults grouped people over 65.

As people live longer, scientists are finding that diseases vary according to how long people live past age 65. As a result, researchers now divide old age into three distinct periods:

  • 65 to 74 years old… the smallest

  • 75 to 84 years old… middle aged

  • Over 85 years old… oldest

So, how do these three age groups differ in terms of health and well-being?

osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become weak and weak. They tend to break if you fall or crash them. The most common fractures in osteoporosis are hip, back, and wrist fractures.

Osteoporosis is more likely to develop as we age. This can be seen in the increase in orthopedic surgery hospitalization rates among older adults.

Tests by Australian researchers found that 20 percent of patients in their 50s, 46 percent in their 60s, 59 percent of those in their 70s and 69 percent of those in their 80s had age-related osteoporosis. If you belong to the very old age group, you are likely to have osteoporosis.

So, once you’re over 65, you should be checked regularly for osteoporosis. You can use a variety of treatments to prevent osteoporosis from getting worse.

come down

Falls are common among older adults. One of the leading causes of falls is syncope, which is fainting or passing out due to a temporary drop in blood flow to the brain.

You may experience fainting if you have an irregular heartbeat, decreased blood flow to the heart, abnormally low blood sugar levels, are taking blood pressure medicines, or have another underlying medical condition.

Vision loss, alcohol and sleeping pills, and paralysis from stroke or neuromuscular disease (affecting muscles and the nerves that control them) can also lead to falls.

A sudden fall can have serious consequences, especially if you hit your head or break your wrist.

Once you’re over 65, you should adjust your living space so that slips and falls are less likely and, when they do occur, less serious.

Also, you should wear an emergency call button, especially if you live alone, that can be connected to a monitoring service that can alert your key holder or emergency services.

lung function

Lung function declines with age as the elasticity of the lungs and the tendency of the chest to return to a relaxed position decreases. This causes stiffness in the breathing muscles.

This explains why respiratory diseases are more likely to occur in older patients. In fact, respiratory disease admissions accounted for the largest proportion of internal disease admissions.

Obviously, elderly patients should be provided with respiratory equipment and lung exercise training to increase lung capacity and improve breathing.

To strengthen your lung muscles, you should get the breathing apparatus used by athletes and musicians, which resists your breathing and works the four muscles in your lungs. Use it daily and within a few weeks you will notice a dramatic improvement in your breathing.

You should also quit smoking.

——

admission

There were absolute differences in hospitalization rates among the three groups of older adults.

These three groups accounted for the largest number of medical hospitalizations, but about two-thirds of them were older patients.

This is because your immune system deteriorates as you age, and you become more susceptible to infectious diseases, cancer, and autoimmune diseases.

As a result, hospital and inpatient systems need to adapt to the needs of older adults who use these services most frequently.

use an ambulance

Elderly patients use emergency ambulances more often than younger patients.

Studies show that in most developed countries, more than a third of elderly patients and about half of patients over the age of 85 use an ambulance to go to the emergency department (ED).

In contrast, emergency ambulances are used in fewer than 30 percent of children who go to the emergency room.

Therefore, ambulances need to be equipped to meet the needs of elderly patients.

Emergency room length of stay (LOS)

0ne A recent study found that older patients spent approximately 20% longer in the emergency department than younger patients with the same complaints.

Several other studies have shown that LOS in ED increases with age. This may be because older patients in the emergency room are at high risk for related diseases. They may also require more diagnostic tests and emergency treatment, as well as time-consuming consultations with various departments.

Other studies have reported that the main reason for the increase in LOS in older patients is the waiting time for admission.

Governments need to develop effective policies to manage ED overcrowding and LOS.

Time in the ICU

Another study showed no difference in the rates of ICU admission among the three groups of older adults, but there was a difference in ICU length of stay between the youngest and oldest elderly.

This may be because the youngest patients responded better to treatment than the oldest.

female

The proportion of female patients increases with age. This may be because women live longer than men.

Emergency department visits among female patients increase with age.

Several studies have shown that in Europe, women account for 51% of emergency department patients aged 70 to 79 years and 61.68% of patients over 80 years old. In a Korean study, women accounted for 55.4% of all elderly patients, namely 51.5% of the youngest, 54.9% of the middle-aged, and 69.1% of the oldest.

Therefore, both government health policy and hospital administrators should consider expanding the number of women’s wards and women’s specialized medical services.

takeout

  • Eat nutritious foods to stay healthy as you age.

  • Get regular osteoporosis tests and, if you have osteoporosis, follow any treatments your doctor prescribes to keep the condition from getting worse

  • Adjust your living space to reduce the likelihood of slips and falls, and lessen the serious consequences when they occur.

  • Wear an emergency “panic” button linked to a monitoring service that will alert your key holder or emergency services if you fall or have an accident.

  • Exercise your lungs daily with a Powerlung or other similar device to maintain lung function.

  • Form pressure groups with older neighbors to encourage your political reps, TDs, MPs, Senators, etc. to ensure your government acts:

    • Tailoring its healthcare system to meet the needs of older adults, who use these services more than other age groups.

    • Equip the ambulance to suit the needs of elderly patients.

    • Develop effective policies to manage emergency department overcrowding and length of stay.

    • Work with hospital administrators to consider expanding the number of women’s wards and specialized care for older women.

remember…nothing will happen unless you shout and vote during an election

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