How.Old.Do You Have To Be To Leave Home In Maryland Consequences of the American Civil War

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Consequences of the American Civil War

American Civil War (April 12, 1861 – May 9, 1865, between the Union of the Union (“Union” or “North”) and the southern states that voted to secede and form the Confederate States of America (“Confederacy”)” or “South”).

Economic, cultural, and political interests, as well as the expansion of slavery, especially to newly acquired lands after the Mexican-American War, led to years of friction between the northern and southern states.

john brown

On the eve of the Civil War in 1860, 4 million (nearly 13 percent) of the 32 million Americans were black slaves living primarily in the South.

On the night of October 16, 1859, before the American Civil War, abolitionist leader John Brown (May 9, 1800 – December 2, 1859) was at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia today Led an uprising against slavery, but failed.

Brown was arrested and convicted of treason by the Virginia, and was hanged.

The uprising heightened Southern fears of slave rebellion and heightened tensions between the northern and southern states.

Abraham Lincoln

After Abraham Lincoln (Honest Abe and Great Liberator – February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) became the 16th President of the United States on November 6, 1860, divisions began because of his political The program is based on:

*Anti-slavery expansion

* He refused to accept the secession of the South from the Union

Abraham Lincoln was born into poverty near Hockingville, Kentucky, and grew up near the frontier in Indiana.

Self-taught, he became a lawyer, Whig Party leader, Illinois state legislator, U.S. Congressman, and leader of the New Republican Party in 1854.

He became president of the United States in 1860, leading to the secession of 11 southern states from the 34 US states in February 1861 to form the Confederacy.

South Carolina seceded first on December 20, 1860, followed by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia (western Virginia remained loyal to the Union and began the secession process), Arkansas, Tennessee and North Carolina.

jefferson davis

Jefferson Davis graduated from West Point in 1828 and became a Southern planter, Democratic politician, and Mexican War hero.

He represented Mississippi in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate, and served as U.S. Secretary of War from 1853-57.

Davis became the first and only president of the Confederate States of America (1861-65), which were never recognized as sovereign states.

He was captured by Union soldiers near Irwinville, Georgia, on May 10, 1865, imprisoned at Fort Monroe, Virginia, and released in May 1867.

He died on December 6, 1889 in New Orleans, Louisiana.

main border countries

The major border states that did not secede were Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, and West Virginia (separated from Virginia during the war).

These border states are critical to success because they:

*Has rich mineral resources

* Whether the main area produces both livestock and grain

*Includes transportation and communication lines

The war has divided loyalties across border states and is a scene of brutal guerrilla warfare, with neighbors fighting each other.

In April 1861, at the Battle of Fort Sumter in South Carolina, volunteers and conscripts were recruited, and the battle began, resulting in a Confederate victory.

fighting

The American Civil War saw over 10,500 major and minor military engagements between 1861 and 1865.

The Civil War Sites Advisory Board counted 384 conflicts as “major battles” fought across three theaters.

* Oriental Theater

*Western Theater

*Trans Mississippi Theater

The 384 “major battles” took place in 26 US states, including Virginia (123), Tennessee (38), Missouri (29) and Georgia (28).

Major battles during the Civil War include the First Bull Run, Shiloh, Antietam, Gettysburg, and Vicksburg.

The Battle of the First Bull Run (also known as the Battle of Manassas), a major land battle in the American Civil War, was officially fought on July 21, 1861, at the junction of Union and Confederate troops in Manassas, Virginia A conflict occurred.

The Battle of Gettysburg, fought near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in 1863 was the largest battle of the Civil War, a Union victory that ended Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s audacious plan to invade the North.

General Robert E. Lee

General Robert E. Lee is regarded as one of the greatest generals of the Civil War.

A West Point graduate, he is known for his moral strength, whose military tactics were studied and employed during World War II.

He commanded the Army of Northern Virginia and eventually all Confederate armies.

As commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, he fought many battles against much larger armies and won many victories.

He was victorious until Gettysburg in 1863, while fighting larger, better-supplied armies.

After his death in 1870, Lee became a cultural icon in the southern states.

stonewall jackson

Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson (January 21, 1824 – May 10, 1863) served as a Confederate general under Robert Lee during the American Civil War (1861-1863) .

One of the most famous Confederate commanders, he was instrumental in almost all military operations in the Eastern Theater of the War until his death.

After the attack on Fort Sumter (April 12-13, 1861), he quickly mobilized three of his divisions to reinforce General Lee’s army in Northern Virginia to defend Richmond, and in July 1861 at Manassa Stanley commanded a brigade at the Battle of Bull Run.

Barnard Elliott Bee Jr, a career Army officer and a Confederate Army general, likened him to a “stone wall,” hence his enduring nickname.

On May 10, 1863, Jackson died after losing an arm after being accidentally shot by Confederate troops at the Battle of Chancellorsville.

Quantrill’s strategy

The Quantrier Raiders, led by William Quantrier, were prominent Confederate guerrilla leaders who sided with the Confederacy during the Civil War.

His pro-Confederate partisans (also known as “bushwhackers”) attacked Federalists along the Missouri-Kansas border and participated in the battles of Wilson Creek and Lexington, Missouri.

Quantrill’s most famous raid was the August 1863 raid on the town of Lawrence Union, Kansas, where attackers looted and burned buildings, robbed banks and stores, and killed more than 150 people, all men and boys.

Quantrill’s Raiders consisted of two Missouri brothers, Frank and his brother Jesse James.

After serving in the Confederate guerrillas during the Civil War, they descended into a life of crime robbing banks, trains, stagecoaches, stores and individuals, typical of the Wild West era of the 19th century.

A fun fact about Jesse Jame is that at the age of 18, he was one of the best Pony Express riders, covering the 120-mile round trip in just 12 hours, including all stops.

general ulysses grant

General Ulysses Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American military commander and statesman who served as the 18th President of the United States from 1869 to 1877.

Grant grew up in Ohio, graduated from West Point in 1843, and served with distinction in the Mexican-American War.

As Commander in Chief, he became an American hero when he led Union forces in victory over the Confederate States in the American Civil War in 1865.

Grant was unanimously nominated by the Republican Party and was elected the 18th President of the United States (1869-1877).

William Tecumseh Sherman

William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was a Union general during the Civil War who played a vital role in the victory over the Confederacy effect.

His father gave him an unusual middle name, Tecumseh, the Shawnee chief who led a large confederation of Ohio Indian tribes and fought alongside the British in the 1812 war against the United States fight.

Sherman was a brilliant military strategist, but was criticized for the harsh, scorched-earth policy he used against the Confederates.

Clara Barton

Clarissa Harlowe Barton (December 25, 1821 – April 12, 1912) was a nurse who founded the American Red Cross.

She was recognized for her humanitarian and civil rights advocacy before women gained the right to vote.

During the Civil War, she served as a nurse, helping the wounded and spotting missing soldiers in the Union Army, earning her the nickname “The Angel of the Battlefield.”

Together with several other women, they personally provided food, clothing, shelter and transportation for the wounded and sick, and distributed medical supplies.

She provides emotional support by reading to them and writing to their families to keep their spirits up.

Clara Barton died of pneumonia on the morning of April 12, 1912, at the age of ninety, and was inducted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame in 1973.

gettysburg address

On November 19, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln delivered one of the most famous speeches in American history at the dedication of Gettysburg National Cemetery.

He commemorates the battlefields and heroes of fallen soldiers.

Invoking the principles of human equality contained in the Declaration of Independence as part of his speech, he said: “Six or seven years ago our fathers founded on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to all All created propositions are equal.

He noted the sacrifices of the Civil War and the desire for a “new birth of liberty” and the maintenance of the Union created in 1776 and its ideals of self-government.

“We have come here to dedicate a portion of that land as a final resting place for those who gave their lives here.”

George Armstrong Custer

George Armstrong Custer (December 5, 1839 – June 25, 1876) was a Union cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the American Indian struggle for control of the Great Plains.

In June 1863, at the age of 23, Custer was promoted to brigadier general, cementing his reputation as a “young general.”

He participated in the Battle of Gettysburg (July 1, 1863 – July 3, 1863), commanding the Michigan Cavalry Brigade.

He fought in the Overland Campaign in 1864 and joined Philip Sheridan’s army in the Shenandoah Valley, where Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox present.

Custer’s Last Stand

On June 25, 1876, Custer’s final battle at the Battle of Little Bighorn near the Little Bighorn River in southern Montana marked the greatest victory for Native Americans in the long Indian Plains War Decisive victory and worst defeat for American troops.

end of civil war

The American Civil War ended on April 9, 1865, when General Robert E. Lee surrendered his Confederate forces to Ulysses Grant of the Union at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia.

The death toll from the civil war was around 750,000.

Abraham Lincoln succeeded in maintaining the Union and bringing about the emancipation of slaves.

President Lincoln Assassinated

On the evening of April 14, 1865, stage actor and Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth (John Wilkes Booth (May 10, 1838 – April 26, 1865)) became the prime suspect in the assassination of the President of the United States First person.

He was a member of the famous Maryland Booth theater family in the 19th century.

Booth was a supporter of slavery and believed that Lincoln was determined to destroy his beloved South.

He shot Abraham Lincoln in the head while watching “Our American Cousin” at Ford’s Theater in Washington, D.C.

Lincoln died at the Peterson House across from the theater at 7:22 the next morning.

Twelve days after the assassination, Union soldiers tracked Booth to a farm in northern Virginia and killed him.

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