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Adoption of a Child in Thailand
What is adoption?
“Adoption is the act of legally placing a child with a parent or parents other than those to whom they were born. An adoption order has the effect of severing parental responsibilities and rights from the original parent(s) and transferring those responsibilities and rights to the adopted parent(s).”
How to apply for adoption of a Thai child?
A foreigner who has a home outside Thailand can submit the application through an authorized agency or the Competent Authority to DSDW or the non-governmental child protection agencies.
A foreigner who has a domicile within Thailand and proof of residence and house registration can submit the application where the residence is. The person who has a home in Bangkok can submit the application at Child Adoption Center. The person who has a home outside of Bangkok can submit the application at the Department of Social Development and Welfare of each province.
A foreigner who has a temporary domicile in Thailand and a work permit from the Labor Department of the Ministry of Labor and has lived in Thailand for at least 6 months before submitting the application can submit the application with the required document, which is certified by an embassy or consulate in Thailand.
Applicant contacts through the competent social welfare authority in their country such as the governmental organization that is responsible for Social Welfare (Competent Authority) or the non-governmental Child Welfare Organization that is authorized by their Government to handle the matter as follows;
1. Home Study Report should take care of living and family and photos of interior and exterior of house.
2. Declaration of approval made by the Competent Authority or the responsible authority as the case may be, confirming that the applicants are qualified for adoption and are in all respects suitable to be the adoptive parents.
3. A statement made by the Competent Authority agreeing to monitor the pre-adoption placement of a child in case such placement is granted to the applicants and to provide three bimonthly progress reports to DSDW. The pre-adoption placement period is a trial period of no less than six months.
4. Your application for Child Adoption
5. Copy of passport or related document. Certificate of residence.
6. Copy of Marriage Certificate (In case there is a previous marriage, please attach a divorce certificate, Marriage certificate is more than six months old)
7. Medical certificate verifying good physical health and mental stability indication.
8. Document certifying occupation and income.
9. Document certifying the current financial status (dating no more than six months)
10. Document certifying an asset
11. Four photos of the applicant and spouse (if any) size 4.5 x 6 cm, children of applicants and the home area (photo taken not more than six months ago).
12. Copy of Law, regulation or document form relevant authorities of the country of home or residence of the applicant certifying the eligibility of the applicant to adopt a child.
13. Copy of Law, regulation or document of relevant authorities of the country of home or residence of the applicant certifying the qualification of an adopted child to enter such country. Prospective parents should check with their immigration authority about a child’s entry visa before applying.
14. Letter of consent for adoption from the applicant’s wife or approval order from the court instead of the wife’s consent (if any)
15. Copy of foreigner’s work permit and employment contract.
16. References certifying the suitability of the candidates for adoption of at least two persons.
17. Criminal Record (of the country of home AND residence)
18. Confirmation by the Competent Authority or relevant authority that once the adoption is completed under Thai Law, it will also be legalized under the relevant Law of the applicants’ country when appropriate.
All required documents from No. 5 -14 must be certified by the Royal Thai Embassy or Consulate in that particular country. Documents that are not in the English language must be attached with English or Thai translations and be translated and certified by the authorized translator. If the applicant lives in the country other than the country of residence, a document certifying such residence and a period of not less than six months to take care of the child before adoption.
The Parents of an Adopted Child
They must provide the following documents:
1. Identification of a child’s parents. 2. House Registration 3. Marriage Certificate. 4. Divorce Certificate and child custody divorce agreement or court order. 5. If that father and mother of a child are not legally married and cannot find the father, the official of the authority will interview the mother with 2 witnesses at the child adoption center and certify that:
5.1 The father and the mother of a child have not registered their marriage. 5.2 The father did not register the child and separated. 5.3 No judgment regarding the father being a legal parent. 5.4 Not being able to find the father of a child to sign the consent.
6. Letter of consent from an authorized person 7. Letter of consent from father 8. Four photos of the father, the mother and the child size 4.5 x 6 cm, and family 9. Other important document such as death certificate, name change certificate etc. .
1. Birth certificate of adopted child
2. House Registration
3. Four photographs of the adopted child, size 4.5 x 6 cm
4. Letter of Consent from the adopted child
5. Other relevant document.
Procedure in Thailand:
1. When all the required documents are received, they will be submitted to the Child Adoption Board which will review each qualification of adoptive parents.
2. The authority will submit the evaluation to the Board and inform the applicants through a Competent Authority whether or not they are approved as prospective adoptive parents.
3. In the event that the adoption application is processed through the Authorized Agencies, DSDW has the right to review and investigate the background of the child to be adopted to confirm that the child is legally available for Intercountry adoption.
4. In the event that the prospective parents accept the child, the case will be further submitted to the Child Adoption Board and the General Director of the DSDW for approval of pre-adoption placement either in Thailand or on board. If the prospective adoptive parents live on board, the case will then be submitted to the Minister of the Ministry of Social Development and Human Security for permission to take the child from Thailand.
5. When the pre-adoption placement is approved, an appointment is made by DSDW for the prospective parents to be interviewed by the Child Adoption Board and issue a document for the child’s travel. The prospective parents will have at least 6 months for the child’s probation.
6. After six months of probation, 3 home study reports are satisfied. The authority will submit a summary report to the Child Adoption Board for approval.
7. DSDW will notify the Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the matter. The prospective parents can register their adoption at a Thai embassy or Thai consulate. If the prospective parent lives in Thailand, they can register an adoption at a district office.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs will send a batch of adoption application to DSDW to confirm that this case is closed.
The basic criteria for prospective adoptive parents are:
To be legally qualified to adopt a child under the law of your home country:
Applicant is over 25 years old. Be at least 15 years older than the child to be adopted. The adopted child is over 15 years old must consent. If the adopted child is minor, both parents must agree. If that or mother or father passes away, one must agree. In case there is no consent person, the legal representative or attorney requests the permission of the court. The consent of a spouse.
Thailand is a party to and has ratified the Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption entered into force on 1 May 1995.
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