What Is The Maximum Heart Rate For A 37-Year-Old Person Small Galaxy With A Big, Dark Heart

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Small Galaxy With A Big, Dark Heart

Supermassive black holes, weighing millions to billions of times more than our Sun, are thought to reside at the hearts of most — if not all — galaxies in the Universe. Such animals are characterized by their extremely heavy masses, insatiable hunger, and messy table manners. These gravitational monstrosities are mysterious and enigmatic. But, the mystery became even more perplexing when a super massive monster — weighed incredible. 17 billion Suns–was caught living in the heart of a bizarre little galaxy that is almost entirely a black hole!

“This is not at all what I was looking for. I expected to find really big black holes in really big galaxies,” Dr. Remco van den Bosch, an astronomer at the Max Planck Institute in Heidelberg, Germany, said on November 26, 2012 Science Now. Dr. Van den Bosch is lead author of the paper describing this incredible gravitational monster.

In 1915, that of Albert Einstein Theory of General Relativity predicted the presence of objects that possessed such strong gravitational fields that anything that unfortunately traveled too close to their gaping mouths would be devoured. However, the concept of the real the existence of such gravitational monstrosities seemed so far-fetched that Einstein himself rejected the concept — but scientists now know that such animals can and do to exist

Cluster black holes form when a very massive star collapses violently in the bright fireworks of a supernova explosion, heralding the end of its life as a main-sequence (hydrogen-burning) star. Once a stellar-mass hole has been born, it can sustain mass by feeding on its surroundings. A supermassive hole is believed to be born when one of a star’s mass gains weight by forming stars and gas–and also by merging with other black holes.

Astronomers have known for about a decade that perhaps every large galaxy in the Universe hosts a voracious supermassive monster at its heart, sequestered there in a sinister secret. Supermassive animals can be at least as big as our entire Solar System. The black hole of our Milky Way Galaxy is named Sagittarius A* (pronounced Sagittarius-a-star), and it is a quiet old beast, except when it goes on an occasional feeding frenzy, and devours a large portion of gas or star matter that has unluckily floated too close to its soot. Sagittarius A* weighs about 4 million times more than our Sun.

It is widely believed that supermassive black holes are subject to standard correlation. That is, the heavier the galaxy’s central bulge of shining stars, the more massive the resident sinister beast. This essentially indicates that the weight of a galaxy’s star-flaming bulge is about a thousand times that of its central supermassive hole.

However, the small compact galaxy, NGC 1277, apparently marching to the beat of a different drum. The tiny galaxy, which is located approximately 250 million light years from our planet, possesses a supermassive monster at its heart, which makes up a whopping 14% of its total mass. Most other galaxies are thought to dutifully follow the beat of the “standard correlation”, and host black holes that amount to a relatively trivial 0.1% of their total mass.

“This is a really strange galaxy. It is almost all black hole. This could be the first object in a new class of galaxy-black hole systems,” study team member Dr. Karl Gebbardt said in a statement published on November 28, 2012. Space.com. Gebbardt is at the University of Texas at Austin.

The study, published in the November 29, 2012 issue of the magazine naturefound that if this monster of a supermassive black hole were located at the center of our own Solar System, it would swallow all eight major planets and extend about 10 times more than the dwarf planet Pluto and its icy kind where they fall around in. the cold, distant blackness of the Kuiper Belt.

NGC 1277 is a relatively small member of a cluster of galaxies located in the constellation Perseus. It also represents a type of galaxy often found to inhabit clusters. This tiny galaxy with a big, dark heart is so-called lenticular galaxy, which means it’s a magical cross between a spiral and an elliptical galaxy Spirals are giant star-flaming pinwheels, like our own Milky Way, and they contain stellar populations of all ages. Ellipses are shaped like huge footballs, and they mainly host old, red stars. How elliptical, NGC 1277 no longer produces starbursts from fiery baby stars, and mainly hosts only old stars. The youngest stars in the tiny galaxy are 8 billion years old – that means they are twice the age of our middle-aged Sun, which is approximately 4.56 billion years old. However, how beautiful, pin-wheel-shaped spiral, NGC 1277 sports a disk that sparkles with a multitude of incandescent stars.

“Maybe this thing is a relic from back then,” Dr. Van den Bosch continued to speculate on November 28, 2012. Science Now. He went on to explain that supermassive holes ignited a fire quasars–which are particularly active galactic nuclei (AGN) that populated the early Universe — haunted Space shortly after the Big Bang. Perhaps, he went on to suggest, NGC 1277 represents a case of arrested development, and it began its galactic infancy as a huge black hole, but never managed to capture a mass of fiery stars. In other words, like Peter Pan, NGC 1277 “never grew up”! Its sister galaxies, swarming together with it in the Perseus cluster, perhaps selfishly took for themselves the stars that made possible a poor few NGC 1277 reach star-struck galactic adulthood.

NGC 1277’s a supermassive monster could be considerably more massive than the currently identified second-runner-up, which is calculated (though not confirmed) to weigh in at about 6 billion to 37 billion solar masses. This animal lives within the dark heart of the galaxy NGC 4486Band hovers approximately 11% of the central bulge of that galaxy.

Dr. Van den Bosch said in November 28, 2012 Space.com that his team discovered the monstrous black hole during a survey it did to hunt for “the biggest black holes we could find.”

The astronomers carefully analyzed the light coming from 700 galaxies, using the huge light-gathering telescope, the Hobby-Eberly telescopeat the University of Texas at Austin McDonald Observatory. The team discovered that six of the galaxies examined had stars and other objects flying around inside them at impressive average speeds of more than 218 miles per second! The galaxies, like NGC 1277, were also tiny — only 9,784 light years across, or less. The team suspected that black holes were responsible for these measurements, and used archival data from NGC 1277 of the venerable Hubble Space Telescope. Thus they began to see NGC 1277’s big, dark heart.

Dr. Van den Bosch wonders whether or not these supermassive black holes only formed in the early Universe, or if some formed later in its history.” It could be that this matter has been sitting around since the Big Bang and hasn’t done much since then. It could be a remnant of what star formation and galaxy formation looked like at that time,” he commented on November 28, 2012. Space.com.

The team is trying to find out if NGC 1277 is one of a kind. However, as astronomer Dr. Chung-Pei Ma of the University of California at Berkeley noted on November 28, 2012. Science Now: “When you only have one very strange system, then you can almost always come up with a few theories. But if these galaxies form a class of their own, then that would be quite exciting.”

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