What Is The Vitamin C Rda For A 3-Year-Old Girl Impact Of Nutrition On Nations Produtivity And Healthy Growth

You are searching about What Is The Vitamin C Rda For A 3-Year-Old Girl, today we will share with you article about What Is The Vitamin C Rda For A 3-Year-Old Girl was compiled and edited by our team from many sources on the internet. Hope this article on the topic What Is The Vitamin C Rda For A 3-Year-Old Girl is useful to you.

Impact Of Nutrition On Nations Produtivity And Healthy Growth

Nigeria has improved a lot socio-economically unlike her past years. The problem of malnutrition still haunts some of her citizens. It has long been plagued by political instability, corruption, inadequate infrastructure and poor macroeconomic management. This led her to excessive dependence on the capital-intensive oil sector, which provides 20% of GDP, 95% of foreign exchange earnings, and approximately 65% ​​of budget revenue. But certain governmental and economic reformation has led to a lot of improvement ranging from an estimated increase in her GDP from $430 per capita in 2003 to $1,000 in 2005. Reducing the unemployment rate from 3.2% in 1997 to 2.9% in 2005. The adoption of microfinance banking, and bank liquidation and consolidation of the CBN, resulted in the ranking of Nigerian banks as one of the best in Africa. The pinnacle of the whole thing was the historic debt relief of $30 billion from the $37 billion owned by Nigeria to the Paris Club in March 2006. Despite all this recent development, 70% of Nigerians are still under the foreign hands of malnutrition and 60% in 2000 below the poverty line. I have categorized the Nigerian nutritional problem for clarification into undernutrition, overnutrition and micronutrition. The purpose of this article is to review the government effort and also suggest ways to get the country out of the foreign hands of poverty that threatens the future of the country.

Nutritional problems.

Although the three nutritional problems constitute a summary of the country’s problem of malnutrition, it will be good to review the whole problem one by one. Malnutrition is the biggest nutritional problem that has hit mostly people in the rural areas and some of those who have gone to the city in search of greener pastures. Malnutrition is characterized by inadequate intake of macronutrients (namely: calories and proteins). According to President Obasanjo, “almost half of children aged 7+-13 in Nigeria are underweight”. Many children and adults go to bed hungry, some take one meal a day and most of these meals are carbohydrates. This leads to malnutrition and protein deficiency. It is the main cause of kwashiorkor which is more unique to people living in the tropical African region. For adults, the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for protein is 0.79g per Kg (0.36g per 1b) of body weight per day. For children and infants this RDA is doubled and tripled, respectively, due to their rapid growth. This is the root cause of stunted growth and stunting in growing children. One fifth of Nigerian children die before the age of five, mainly because millions of Nigerians also live under one dollar a day, others live begging for food on the streets.

Overeating is mainly the problem of adults and few teenagers especially the city dwellers. It is a rapidly escalating problem of public nutrition, mainly reflecting a change in eating patterns and more sedentary lifestyles. The situation in Nigeria where economy favors a particular group over others, the poor get poorer while the rich get richer has caused a higher percentage of overnutrition- Nigeria’s big man disease. This nutritional problem is now in an alarming rise in chronic diseases related to diet such as type II diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases and several cancers related to diet. These chronic diseases were responsible for human suffering, social distress, loss of productivity, and economic burden on the health and other economic sectors. The population growth obsessed in the country affects the labor force of the country and the productivity of the country both now and in the near future.

Last but not the least of the list are micronutrient deficiencies. It is the inadequate intake of key vitamins and minerals. It is experienced by the poor and the rich, rural and urban residents. It is hunger hidden under the guise of sufficiency in Nigerian society. Lack of vitamins and minerals results in irreversible damage to children’s physical and mental development. Therefore, this type of malnutrition is centered on pregnant women and children. According to some empirical conclusions, it is observed that even a moderate lack of iodine during fetal development and childhood has been shown to decrease the intelligence quotients by 10-15 points. Folic acid deficiency is linked to serious birth defects. Inadequate iron affects children’s growth and learning ability, and reduces their ability to concentrate, fully participate in school and society interact and develop; it also contributes to material mortality and lowered labor productivity. It is recorded that 40% of children under the age of 5 suffer from vitamin A deficiency.

The three main nutritional problems in Nigeria pose a great challenge to the country’s faltering economy caused by a decrease in imports of expensive protein-rich foods, oil and animal feed. Many parents are now abandoning the task of breastfeeding and all these and many others contribute to the risk of malnutrition in Nigeria and more so now she is experiencing a rapid socio-economic revolution.

GOVERNMENT ACTION BEFORE DEMOCRACY

Nigerian economy was dominated by Agriculture and trade, which flourished during the colonial rule in 19th century. In the 1960s and 1970s the oil industry developed and triggered greatly increased export earnings and allowed massive investments in industry, agriculture, infrastructure and social science.

The sharp decline in oil prices, economic mismanagement, and continued military rule characterized Nigeria in the 1980s. In 1983, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) began providing assistance to the Nigerian Federal and State Ministries of Health to develop and implement programs in family planning and child survival. In 1992, an HIV/AIDS prevention and control program was added to existing health activities USAID committed $135 million to bilateral assistance programs for the period from 1986 to 1996 when Nigeria undertook an initially successful Structural Adjustment program, but later abandoned it. Plans to make $150 million in assistance from 1993 to 2003 were interrupted by strains in US-Nigerian relations over human rights abuses, the failed transition to democracy, and lack of cooperation from the Nigerian Government on anti-narcotics trade issues. By the mid-1990s, these problems resulted in the limitation of USAID activities that might benefit the military government. Existing health programs were restructured to focus on working through grassroots Nigerian non-governmental organizations and community groups.

In 1987, The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), under the lead researcher Dr Kenton Dashiell, launched an ambiguous effort in Nigeria to combat widespread malnutrition. They encouraged the use of food, economic soybeans in daily food. They further said that soybeans are about 40% higher in protein than any of the common vegetable or animal foods found in Africa. With the addition of corn, rice and other cereals to the soybeans, the resulting protein meets the standard of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Soybeans also contain about 20% oil, which is 85% unsaturated and cholesterol-free. Although many beautiful programs for the alleviation of malnutrition began in this period, there were many other socio-economic thorns that prevented the popularity and proper functioning of these programs until the democratic period. The economic instability within that period favored malnutrition to a large extent due to an autocratic government. There was little or no in-depth effort to combat malnutrition. The period can be identified as the selfish period- when the government’s private interest dominated at the expense of the suffering masses.

THE LATER INTERVENTION

The most interesting part of this period is that it is characterized by promise and hope. A promise that is the main tool of this period and hope always present to support the promise. President Obasanjo in a 2002 meeting with the president of the International Union of Nutritional Sciences promised to support better coordination of nutrition activities and programs in Nigeria, he further said, “the high prevalence of malnutrition is totally unacceptable for this government and he assured the president of IUNS. that he would do everything possible to ensure that resources are available to improve household food security, greater access to health services and better care capacity of mothers including support for breastfeeding promotion.

On September 27, 2005, Nigerian President-Chief Olusegun Obasanjo lunched the Nasarawa state school feeding program at Laminga Primary School. The program is fully funded and managed by Nasarawa state, which makes it a unique model in Africa today. The epoch-making event fulfills one of the promises to combat malnutrition especially among children, he observed that many in the age group of 7-13 years are underweight. He further promises to reach around 27 million children over the next 10 years.

Other international agencies such as the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations International Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) which began in 1992 but became more entrenched during a democratic regime. All of them and many others are fighting hard to eradicate poverty and malnutrition.

There are many challenges that exist in any nutritional improvement programs. There is the need for the government to put some nutritional research into the national policy. They should be able to reach the corner of the country. They should be able to coordinate all sectors of agencies against malnutrition. More effective intervention is badly needed.

Nutrition is now an intervention issue, and also the inevitable duty of every nation. Although it is difficult to bring a solution to every person’s door, but the government should try as much as possible to reach people through, mobile agencies and mass media. There should be a lot of effective research done in the nation to be updated with information such as; average government investment in nutrition by capital, current figures of nutrition gaps, and information on nutrition initiatives, as well as national policy frameworks and interagency coordination mechanisms. It is necessary to promote nutrition organization especially, non-governmental organization. The government should try to improve the socio-economic life of the people. Agriculture should be encouraged and improved in the country. There should be a check on the nutritional value of each product both imported and non-imported product. The Government should promote a global nutrition agenda that would increase the visibility of nutrition at national levels and beyond.

If these above proposed solutions were to be considered, Nigeria would greatly improve as the giant of Africa and future giant of the world economy, thus clearing the future storm of economy facing Nigeria due to some of her citizens suffering from nutritional problems. .

Video about What Is The Vitamin C Rda For A 3-Year-Old Girl

You can see more content about What Is The Vitamin C Rda For A 3-Year-Old Girl on our youtube channel: Click Here

Question about What Is The Vitamin C Rda For A 3-Year-Old Girl

If you have any questions about What Is The Vitamin C Rda For A 3-Year-Old Girl, please let us know, all your questions or suggestions will help us improve in the following articles!

The article What Is The Vitamin C Rda For A 3-Year-Old Girl was compiled by me and my team from many sources. If you find the article What Is The Vitamin C Rda For A 3-Year-Old Girl helpful to you, please support the team Like or Share!

Rate Articles What Is The Vitamin C Rda For A 3-Year-Old Girl

Rate: 4-5 stars
Ratings: 8868
Views: 48285224

Search keywords What Is The Vitamin C Rda For A 3-Year-Old Girl

What Is The Vitamin C Rda For A 3-Year-Old Girl
way What Is The Vitamin C Rda For A 3-Year-Old Girl
tutorial What Is The Vitamin C Rda For A 3-Year-Old Girl
What Is The Vitamin C Rda For A 3-Year-Old Girl free
#Impact #Nutrition #Nations #Produtivity #Healthy #Growth

Source: https://ezinearticles.com/?Impact-Of-Nutrition-On-Nations-Produtivity-And-Healthy-Growth&id=475132

Related Posts

default-image-feature

What Is Average Temp For A 5 Month Old Baby Selling Chicken Eggs for Profit

You are searching about What Is Average Temp For A 5 Month Old Baby, today we will share with you article about What Is Average Temp For…

default-image-feature

An 80-Year-Old Woman Dies Shortly After Admission To The Hospital Errors in Thought Brings Disease and Accidents

You are searching about An 80-Year-Old Woman Dies Shortly After Admission To The Hospital, today we will share with you article about An 80-Year-Old Woman Dies Shortly…

default-image-feature

An 8-Month-Old Fetus Is Inches Long And Weighs Approximately Pounds Interesting Facts About Echidnas – Characteristics, Diet, Habitat, Breeding, and Predators

You are searching about An 8-Month-Old Fetus Is Inches Long And Weighs Approximately Pounds, today we will share with you article about An 8-Month-Old Fetus Is Inches…

default-image-feature

What To Do With An Old Gaming Laptop Site Www.Reddit.Com Cheap Second Hand Laptops

You are searching about What To Do With An Old Gaming Laptop Site Www.Reddit.Com, today we will share with you article about What To Do With An…

default-image-feature

Advice To.Give A 15 Year.Old.On Their First Job Interview An Investment Review of Dr Mobius’ Advice

You are searching about Advice To.Give A 15 Year.Old.On Their First Job Interview, today we will share with you article about Advice To.Give A 15 Year.Old.On Their…

default-image-feature

What To Do When She Doesnt Like The.Old Things In.Bed For Women – 7 Ways to Make Sex in Marriage Fun – Reignite the Passion in Your Marriage Again!

You are searching about What To Do When She Doesnt Like The.Old Things In.Bed, today we will share with you article about What To Do When She…